I have been teaching phonics for many years, and I have found that using the SPELD recommended order is the most effective way to teach children how to read. Phonics is a method of teaching children to read by helping them to understand the relationship between sounds and the letters that represent them. It is an essential part of teaching children how to read, and it is a skill that they will use for the rest of their lives.
The SPELD recommended order is a system that teaches phonics skills in a logical and structured way. It is based on the idea that children should learn the easiest sounds first, and then gradually move on to more complex sounds. This approach makes it easier for children to learn and retain the knowledge and skills they need to become confident readers. By following this order, children will learn the sounds of the English language in a way that is easy to understand and remember.
Teaching Phonics Using SPELD Recommended Order
What is Phonics?
Phonics is a method of teaching children to read and write by linking sounds (phonemes) to the letters that represent them (graphemes). It involves teaching children the relationship between sounds and the written symbols used to represent them. Phonics instruction teaches children to decode words by breaking them down into individual sounds and then blending those sounds together to form words.
Why Use the SPELD Recommended Order?
The SPELD (Specific Learning Difficulties Association of South Australia Inc.) recommended order is a research-based approach to teaching phonics that has been proven to be effective in helping children learn to read. It provides a clear and structured sequence for teaching phonics skills, starting with the most basic skills and progressing to more complex skills.
Using the SPELD recommended order helps ensure that children learn phonics skills in a logical and systematic way, which is essential for building fluency and developing reading comprehension. It also helps children to develop strong spelling skills, as they learn to apply phonics rules to spell words correctly.
Scope and Sequence
The SPELD recommended order for teaching phonics includes the following skills, taught in a specific order:
- Consonants and Short Vowels
- Blends and Digraphs
- Long Vowels and Silent E
- R-Controlled Vowels
- Diphthongs and Other Vowel Sounds
- Syllable Types
- Schwa Sound
The order in which these skills are taught is based on research and has been shown to be effective in helping children learn to read and write. Each skill is explicitly taught and practiced, with review and homework to reinforce learning.
Teaching phonics using the SPELD recommended order helps children to develop strong reading skills, including decoding, fluency, and comprehension. It also helps children to build their vocabulary and improve their spelling skills.
In conclusion, teaching phonics using the SPELD recommended order is an effective way to help children learn to read and write. It provides a clear and structured sequence for teaching phonics skills, starting with the most basic skills and progressing to more complex skills. By teaching phonics skills in a logical and systematic way, children can develop strong reading skills and improve their spelling, which is essential for academic success.
Benefits of Teaching Phonics
As someone who has taught phonics using the SPELD recommended order, I have seen firsthand the benefits that it can bring to students. Phonics is an essential part of teaching children to read, and it offers a range of benefits that can help students improve their reading skills, enhance their vocabulary, and boost their comprehension.
Improving Reading Skills
One of the most significant benefits of teaching phonics is that it can improve a student's reading skills. By teaching children to recognise the sounds that letters make, they can decode words more easily and read with greater fluency. This can help students to become more confident readers and can make reading a more enjoyable experience for them.
Another benefit of teaching phonics is that it can enhance a student's vocabulary. By learning the sounds that letters make, children can recognise patterns in words and can begin to understand the meanings of unfamiliar words. This can help them to build their vocabulary and can make it easier for them to understand the text that they are reading.
Finally, teaching phonics can also boost a student's comprehension skills. By decoding words more easily, students can focus more on understanding the meaning of the text that they are reading. This can help them to make connections between different ideas and can improve their overall comprehension of the text.
In conclusion, teaching phonics using the SPELD recommended order can bring a range of benefits to students. By improving their reading skills, enhancing their vocabulary, and boosting their comprehension, phonics can help students to become more confident readers and can make reading a more enjoyable experience for them.
Effective Strategies for Teaching Phonics
As a teacher, I have found that using the SPELD recommended order for teaching phonics sounds is an effective way to help students learn to read and write. However, simply following this order is not enough. It is important to use effective strategies to teach phonics to ensure that students are successful in their learning. In this section, I will discuss three effective strategies for teaching phonics: using games, scaffolding, and explicitly teaching phonics rules.
Using games is an effective way to engage students in their learning and make phonics instruction more enjoyable. Games can be used to reinforce phonics sounds, blending, segmenting, and other phonics skills. Some examples of games that can be used for phonics instruction include:
- Phonics Bingo
- Phonics Memory Match
- Phonics Go Fish
- Phonics Board Games
Using games not only makes phonics instruction more enjoyable but also provides opportunities for students to practice their phonics skills in a fun and engaging way.
Scaffolding is an effective strategy for teaching phonics that involves breaking down the learning process into smaller, more manageable steps. This allows students to build on their prior knowledge and gradually increase their understanding of phonics sounds. Some examples of scaffolding strategies include:
- Providing visual aids such as pictures or diagrams to help students understand the relationship between letters and sounds.
- Using real-world examples to help students understand how phonics sounds are used in everyday language.
- Providing opportunities for students to practice phonics skills in a supportive environment before moving on to more challenging tasks.
By using scaffolding strategies, students are more likely to feel confident and successful in their learning, which can lead to greater motivation and engagement.
Explicitly Teaching Phonics Rules
Explicitly teaching phonics rules is an effective way to help students understand the relationship between letters and sounds. This involves teaching students the rules for how sounds are formed and how they can be blended together to form words. Some examples of phonics rules that can be explicitly taught include:
- The sounds of consonants and vowels
- Digraphs and blends
- Silent letters
- Syllables and word stress
By explicitly teaching phonics rules, students are better able to understand the structure of the English language and develop their phonics skills more effectively.
In conclusion, using effective strategies such as games, scaffolding, and explicitly teaching phonics rules can help students develop their phonics skills and become successful readers and writers. By using these strategies in combination with the SPELD recommended order for teaching phonics sounds, teachers can create a supportive and engaging learning environment that fosters student success.
As an educator, I understand the importance of differentiating instruction to meet the needs of all learners in the classroom. Phonics instruction is no exception. By using a variety of strategies and materials, I can provide a more inclusive and engaging learning experience for all students.
Meeting the Needs of All Learners
To ensure that all students are able to access phonics instruction, I differentiate by using a variety of teaching methods. For example, I may use visual aids such as flashcards or picture books for visual learners, while providing hands-on activities for kinesthetic learners. I also differentiate by adjusting the level of difficulty for each student, depending on their individual needs.
Technology can be a powerful tool for differentiating phonics instruction. For example, I may use educational apps or online resources to provide additional practice for struggling students. I can also use tablets or computers to provide interactive activities that engage students and make learning more fun.
Providing Printed Materials
While technology can be a great resource, I also understand the importance of providing printed materials for students who may not have access to technology at home. I may provide printed worksheets or activities that students can complete independently or with a partner.
Overall, by differentiating phonics instruction, I can help all students to succeed and reach their full potential. Whether through visual aids, hands-on activities, or technology, I strive to provide a learning environment that is inclusive and engaging for all learners.